Frequency modulation

Frequency modulation refers to using the output of a low-frequency oscillator to continually alter (modulate) the frequency of another oscillator. This example provides the user control of the amplitude and frequency of both the "carrier" oscillator (the one we hear directly) and the "modulator" oscillator (the effect of which we hear indirectly). The output of the modulating oscillator is added to a constant (the main frequency), thus causing the carrier frequency to fluctuate up and down around that central frequency.

Event timing with transport

This patch shows a simple use of a transport-governed metronome to trigger events at a constant rate. The metro object that has the argument '4n' will be governed by the transport because its interval is specified in a tempo-relative, music-based "note values" format. (Just for the sake of comparison, the patch includes another metro that is unaffected by the transport because its interval is specified in milliseconds.) The transport-governed metro will only run when the transport is on.

Generate classic waveforms

There are certain wave types that are historically used in electronic music, known as "classic" waveforms: sine, sawtooth, square, and triangle. These are the four waveforms generated by the classic Moog synthesizer oscillators, and are still quite useful in computer music.