Interface for a flanger

This patch shows an appropriate interface for a flanger, including dials to control delay time, flanging rate, flanging depth, and control over the mix between the dry (unaltered) and wet (altered) signal. Control over the dry/wet mix is a good thing to include in most audio effects.

Simple demonstration of flanging

The technique of flanging in computer music refers to a changing delay time applied to a sound, usually by modulating the delay time with a low-frequency oscillator (LFO). The continuously changing delay time causes a subtle—or not-so-subtle—change in the pitch of the sound. When the flanged sound is mixed with the original sound, the two sounds interfere in continuously changing ways, creating a charactistic modulated filtering effect.

Abstraction for S-curve crossfading

A good way to mix two sounds is to give one sound a gain between 0 and 1 and give the other sound a gain that's equal to 1 minus that amount. Thus, the sum of the two gain factors will always be 1, so the sum of the sounds will not clip. When sound A has a gain of 1, sound B will have a gain of 0, and vice versa. As one gain goes from 0 to 1, the gain of the other sound will go from 1 to 0, so you can use this method to create a smooth crossfade between two sounds.

Linear control signal

The phasor~ object produces a linear control signal that goes repeatedly from 0 to 1. That's demonstrated in the upper left part of this patch. In general, a control signal that goes gradually in a straight line from one value to another is quite useful, but you don't always want it to repeat over and over the way that phasor~ does.

Play a sinusoidal tone

This simple program allows you to listen to a sinusoidal tone with any desired frequency and amplitude. Initially both frequency and amplitude are set to 0, so you'll need to set the frequency to some number in the audible range, and you'll need to increase the amplitude to some value greater than 0 but not greater than 1. The speaker icon (ezdac~ object) is an on/off button for audio, and sends the output signal to the DAC.

Phasor lookup in cosine

One common usage of the phasor~ object is to readrepeatedly through a stored table of numbers. In that way, instead of just producing a simple linear ramp shape, phasor~ can actually be used to produce any shape. In this example, we're using it to read repeatedly through one half of a sinusoid, so that we repeatedly get just the positive half of a sine wave.

Multiplication of sinusoidal tones

Multiplying one tone by another, in effect, imposes the contour of one waveform on that of the other waveform. For example, mutiplying a 1000 Hz sinusoidal tone by a 3 Hz sinusoidal tone yields something very much like a 1000 Hz sine tone, but with its amplitude continually shaped by the low-frequency oscillator (LFO). Because the LFO goes from 0 to 1 to 0 to -1 to 0 each cycle, the amplitude of the 1000 Hz tone goes from 0 up to 1 and back down to 0, then to -1 and back to 0 for each cycle of the LFO.

Many Unrelated LFOs

By combining numerous low-frequency oscillators with unrelated repetition rates, you can create irregular shapes of modulation and patterns that never exactly repeat, creating a sound that changes in ways that seem constantly varying in somewhat unpredictable ways.