## Customize oscillator behavior

The canonical way to get cyclic "oscillator" behavior is, for every sample number (n), take a step of a certain size (increment) at a certain rate of speed (sample rate) wrapping around to stay within a specific range (length) such that you complete a certain number of cycles (frequency). What you get is an index (x) that you can use to look up values in a table, or as input to an equation, to get a result (y). What should the step size (the increment) be? It’s determined by the formula “increment = n * frequency * length/sample rate”.