University of California, Irvine

Music 230

Time Structure in Music
[and other time-based art forms]






Cowell, Henry. New Musical Resources. New York: Something Else Press, 1969.


Dobrian, Christopher. "Algorithmic Generation of Temporal Forms: Hierarchical Organization of Stasis and Transition". Proceedings of the International Computer Music Conference. San Francisco: ICMA, 1995.


Eco, Umberto. The Open Work. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1989.


Husserl, Edmund. (John Barnett Brough, trans.) On the Phenomenology of the Consciousness of Internal Time. Dordrecht/Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1991.


Lerdahl, Fred and Jackendoff, Ray. A Generative Theory of Tonal Music. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1983.


Mainzer, Klaus. (Josef Eising, trans.) The Little Book of Time. New York: Copernicus, 2002.


Miller, George A. "The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two: Some Limits on Our Capacity for Processing Information". Psychological Review 63:2, 1956.


Ornstein, Robert. "The Problem of Temporal Experience". On the Experience of Time. Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1969.


Pritchett, James. John Cage: Freeman Etudes.


Read, Gardner. Modern Rhythmic Notation. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1978.


Roads, Curtis. "Time Scales of Music". Microsound. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2002.


Stockhausen, Karlheinz. (Cornelius Cardew, trans.) " time passes...". Die Reihe No, 3, 1959.


Music Scores/Recordings

Cage, John. 4'33".

Cage, John. Freeman Etudes.

Cage, John. Music of Changes.

Carter, Elliott. String Quartet No. 2.

Johnston, Ben. String Quartet No. 4.

Lucier, Alvin. I Am Sitting in a Room.

Reich, Steve. Drumming.

Reich, Steve. Piano Phase.

Riley, Terry. In C.

Stockhausen, Karlheinz. Gruppen.

Stockhausen, Karlheinz. Klavierstucke XI.

Stockhausen, Karlheinz. Zeitmasse.

Stockhausen, Karlheinz. Zyklus.

Young, Lamonte. The Well-Tuned Piano.

Yuasa, Joji. Chronoplastic.

Yuasa, Joji. Interpenetration.

Film/Video Recordings


Time Code.




This page was last modified April 2, 2006.

Christopher Dobrian